What Does God Say About Our Careers?

1 Corinthians 10:31 (KJV)
Whether therefore ye eat, or drink, or whatsoever ye do, do all to the glory of God.

Psalms 37:23 (KJV)
The steps of a [good] man are ordered by the LORD: and he delighteth in his way.

Proverbs 3:6 (KJV)
In all thy ways acknowledge him, and he shall direct thy paths.
I'll add to the verses Abdicate referenced:

Matthew 6:19-34
(33) But seek first his kingdom and his righteousness, and all these things will be given to you as well.

Genesis 39:2 (To be understood in the context of the entire story of Joseph)
The LORD was with Joseph, so he succeeded in everything he did as he served in the home of his Egyptian master.

Daniel 1-6
(2:47-48) The king answered and said to Daniel, "Truly, your God is God of gods and Lord of kings, and a revealer of mysteries, for you have been able to reveal this mystery." Then the king gave Daniel high honors and many great gifts, and made him ruler over the whole province of Babylon and chief prefect over all the wise men of Babylon.